Found images: 2016 December

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Found images: 2016 December

Postby bystander » Sun Dec 04, 2016 4:00 pm


Have you seen a great image or video somewhere that you think would make a great APOD? Nominate it for APOD! Please post as much information here as you have about the image/video with a link to any source(s) for it you know of here, and the editors will take a look.

When posting the image itself, please do not post anything larger than a thumbnail here; please honor the copyright holder's copyright.

Please keep hotlinked images under 400K.

Thank you!

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starsurfer
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Sun Dec 04, 2016 5:42 pm

K1-4
http://www.pbase.com/strongmanmike2002/k14_planetary_nebula_in_ophiuchus
Copyright: Michael Sidonio
163613736.16CitnCV.jpg
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Sun Dec 04, 2016 5:45 pm

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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Sun Dec 04, 2016 6:13 pm

LDN 673
https://www.noao.edu/image_gallery/html/im1277.html
Copyright: T.A. Rector (University of Alaska Anchorage) and H. Schweiker (WIYN and NOAO/AURA/NSF)
ldn673.jpg
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Sun Dec 04, 2016 6:22 pm

Sagittarius Trio
http://www.atacama-photographic-observatory.com/page_photo.php?id=44
Copyright: Thierry Demange, Richard Galli and Thomas Petit
M8.jpg
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ESO: Fingerprint of the Early Universe

Postby bystander » Mon Dec 05, 2016 3:18 pm

Fingerprint of the Early Universe
ESO Picture of the Week | VLT | UVES | 2016 Dec 05

The most massive galaxies in the Universe host supermassive black holes at their centres. These truly colossal black holes chew up surrounding material at astonishing rates, expelling huge amounts of radiation as they do so and glowing as some of the brightest objects in the known Universe! Despite their incredible distances from Earth, the regions surrounding these black holes shine so brightly that their appearance is similar to that of stars in our own galaxy, the Milky Way.

Some of these objects, known as quasi-stellar-objects or quasars for short, are useful tools to help us better understand the cosmos. Because they lie so far away, there is plenty of intervening space between our telescopes and a target quasar. This space is not empty; it is filled with intergalactic medium, which mostly comprises clouds of gas — mainly hydrogen and helium, but also with hints of other elements — that absorb light from more distant sources and prevent it from reaching us. The light emitted from bright quasars has to travel through these clouds on its journey to us, and so is partly absorbed.

This spectrum, taken by the UVES instrument mounted on ESO’s Very Large Telescope in Chile, shows the light from a quasar, catchily named HE 0940-1050, after it has travelled through such clouds. The vertical lines are tell-tale signs of absorption — they show where light has been absorbed by the gas in the intergalactic medium and thus removed from the original quasar spectrum. The intensity of the lines is linked to the amount of material which is crossed by the light. By analysing these lines, astronomers can infer all sorts of information about the material from which the clouds are made. The exceptional value of this particular spectrum is in the very faint lines which are the faintest ever observed in a quasar spectrum.
Know the quiet place within your heart and touch the rainbow of possibility; be
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HEIC: A Transformation in Virgo (NGC 4388)

Postby bystander » Mon Dec 05, 2016 3:29 pm

A Transformation in Virgo (NGC 4388)
ESA Hubble Picture of the Week | 2016 Dec 05

The constellation of Virgo (The Virgin) is especially rich in galaxies, due in part to the presence of a massive and gravitationally-bound collection of over 1300 galaxies called the Virgo Cluster. One particular member of this cosmic community, NGC 4388, is captured in this image, as seen by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope’s Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3).

Located some 60 million light-years away, NGC 4388 is experiencing some of the less desirable effects that come with belonging to such a massive galaxy cluster. It is undergoing a transformation, and has taken on a somewhat confused identity.

While the galaxy’s outskirts appear smooth and featureless, a classic feature of an elliptical galaxy, its centre displays remarkable dust lanes constrained within two symmetric spiral arms, which emerge from the galaxy’s glowing core — one of the obvious features of a spiral galaxy. Within the arms, speckles of bright blue mark the locations of young stars, indicating that NGC 4388 has hosted recent bursts of star formation.

Despite the mixed messages, NGC 4388 is classified as a spiral galaxy. Its unusual combination of features are thought to have been caused by interactions between NGC 4388 and the Virgo Cluster. Gravitational interactions — from glancing blows to head-on collisions, tidal influencing, mergers, and galactic cannibalism — can be devastating to galaxies. While some may be lucky enough to simply suffer a distorted spiral arm or newly-triggered wave of star formation, others see their structure and contents completely and irrevocably altered.
Know the quiet place within your heart and touch the rainbow of possibility; be
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Ann
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby Ann » Mon Dec 05, 2016 4:14 pm

The colors of this galaxy are interesting.

The B-V of NGC 4388 is 0.740. This is quite unremarkable and suggests that the galaxy contains decidedly non-negligible numbers of bright young stars, but it has a very well-established old population, too.

The U-B is 0.280. That is relatively red, and suggests that the young stars of this galaxy are blue and aging rather than piping hot, ultraviolet and all but newborn.

But the far infrared magnitude is interesting. NGC 4388 is bright in far infrared, almost one and a half magnitudes brighter than in B magnitude. This suggests that the galaxy is dust-reddened, and contains more OB stars than the color indexes would indicate.

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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Mon Dec 05, 2016 5:29 pm

Ann wrote:The colors of this galaxy are interesting.

The B-V of NGC 4388 is 0.740. This is quite unremarkable and suggests that the galaxy contains decidedly non-negligible numbers of bright young stars, but it has a very well-established old population, too.

The U-B is 0.280. That is relatively red, and suggests that the young stars of this galaxy are blue and aging rather than piping hot, ultraviolet and all but newborn.

But the far infrared magnitude is interesting. NGC 4388 is bright in far infrared, almost one and a half magnitudes brighter than in B magnitude. This suggests that the galaxy is dust-reddened, and contains more OB stars than the color indexes would indicate.

Ann

NGC 4388 has some associated Ha filaments, check this out!

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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Mon Dec 05, 2016 5:33 pm

Kes 78
http://www.cxielo.ch/gallery/f/kes78
Copyright: Martin Rusterholz
kes78.jpg
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby Sandgirl » Wed Dec 07, 2016 12:13 pm

M31
Copyrights: Kirsten Vieth
http://members.optusnet.com.au/kirstenvieth
M31s details to come.jpg
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Wed Dec 07, 2016 7:03 pm

M78 and Horsehead Nebula
http://www.straightontillmorning.me/Astronomy/Nebula/Colour/i-pSDHq2w/X2
Copyright: Hytham Abu-Safieh
orion-belt.jpg
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Wed Dec 07, 2016 7:06 pm

vdB13 and vdB16
http://www.nightpixels.net/lbn_740.htm
Copyright: Richard Galli
vdb13_16.jpg

vdB13 is the reflection nebula at the top and vdB16 is the reflection nebula at the bottom.
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Wed Dec 07, 2016 7:17 pm


Mauro Rorato
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby Mauro Rorato » Thu Dec 08, 2016 11:51 am

Rosette Nebula

https://static.wixstatic.com/media/d3e3 ... 92_s_2.jpg

The Rosette Nebula (also known as Caldwell 49) is a large, spherical (circular in appearance), H II region located near one end of a giant molecular cloud in the Monoceros region of the Milky Way Galaxy. The open cluster NGC 2244 (Caldwell 50) is closely associated with the nebulosity, the stars of the cluster having been formed from the nebula's matter.source_wiki.
Last edited by bystander on Thu Dec 08, 2016 2:08 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Fri Dec 09, 2016 4:16 pm

IC 410, IC 417 and NGC 1931
http://www.astrostammtisch.com/galerie/displayimage.php?pid=1655
Copyright: Martin Dandrea
IC417.jpg

IC 410 is the large nebula near the bottom right corner, IC 417 is near top centre and NGC 1931 is the small nebula near the top left corner.
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Sat Dec 10, 2016 12:33 pm

NGC 4639
http://www.spacetelescope.org/images/potw1541a/
Copyright: ESA/Hubble & NASA
potw1541a.jpg
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby Ann » Sat Dec 10, 2016 5:00 pm

starsurfer wrote:NGC 4639
http://www.spacetelescope.org/images/potw1541a/
Copyright: ESA/Hubble & NASA
potw1541a.jpg


This is a such a handsome galaxy!

It is a lovely example of a barred spiral galaxy. To me it looks relatively yellow - look at that bright center! - but its colors are "normal": 0.080 (U-B) and 0.700 (B-V). I approve of the filters used for the image: Ultraviolet (350 nm), Optical (green, I think, at 555 nm), Infrared (814 nm) and far infrared (1.6 μm). All these filters make it possible to differentiate very effectively between different stellar populations of the galaxy.

There is a delightful "bar-ring" background galaxy at 5 o'clock.

Great image!

Ann
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Sun Dec 11, 2016 1:04 pm

Kronberger 24
http://www.pbase.com/skybox/image/164369587
Copyright: Kevin Quin
164369587.WgqGdO7s.jpg

This planetary nebula was discovered by the Deep Sky Hunters member Matthias Kronberger.
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby nicola montecchiari » Mon Dec 12, 2016 9:50 am

NGC6914
http://www.skymonsters.net/immagine.php?img=NGC6914.jpg
Copyright: Nicola Montecchiari

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HEIC: A Closer Look at IC 5201

Postby bystander » Mon Dec 12, 2016 7:29 pm

A Closer Look at IC 5201
ESA Hubble Picture of the Week | 2016 Dec 12

In 1900, astronomer Joseph Lunt made a discovery: Peering through a telescope at Cape Town Observatory, the British–South African scientist spotted this beautiful sight in the southern constellation of Grus (The Crane): a barred spiral galaxy now named IC 5201.

Over a century later, the galaxy is still of interest to astronomers. For this image, the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope used its Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) to produce a beautiful and intricate image of the galaxy. Hubble’s ACS can resolve individual stars within other galaxies, making it an invaluable tool to explore how various populations of stars have sprung to life, evolved, and died throughout the cosmos.

IC 5201 sits over 40 million light-years away from us. As with two thirds of all the spirals we see in the Universe — including the Milky Way, the galaxy has a bar of stars slicing through its centre.
Know the quiet place within your heart and touch the rainbow of possibility; be
alive to the gentle breeze of communication, and please stop being such a jerk.
— Garrison Keillor

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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Mon Dec 19, 2016 1:24 pm


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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Mon Dec 19, 2016 1:28 pm

NGC 474
http://www.billionsandbillions.com/arp_227.html
Copyright: Warren Keller/SSRO
31005920651_7523cb395e.jpg
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Mon Dec 19, 2016 1:30 pm

Toby Jug Nebula (IC 2220)
http://www.tvdavisastropics.com/astroimages-1_0000be.htm
Copyright: Thomas Davis
astroimages-1_i000141.jpg
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Re: Found images: 2016 December

Postby starsurfer » Mon Dec 19, 2016 1:40 pm

Abell 61
http://www.capella-observatory.com/ImageHTMLs/PNs/Abell61.htm
Copyright: Stefan Binnewies and Josef Pöpsel
Abell61.jpg
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