STScI: Telescopes & Spacecraft Probe Jupiter's Atmosphere

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STScI: Telescopes & Spacecraft Probe Jupiter's Atmosphere

Post by bystander » Sat May 09, 2020 4:15 pm

Telescopes and Spacecraft Join Forces to
Probe Deep into Jupiter's Atmosphere

NASA | STScI | HubbleSite | 2020 May 07
This graphic shows observations and interpretations of cloud structures
and atmospheric circulation on Jupiter from Juno, Hubble, and the
Gemini Observatory. Credits: NASA, ESA, M.H. Wong (UC Berkeley),
A. James and M.W. Carruthers (STScI), and S. Brown (JPL)

With thunderheads that tower forty miles high and stretch half the width of a continent, hurricane-force winds in enormous storms that rage for centuries, and lightning three times as powerful as Earth's strongest superbolts, Jupiter—king of the planets—has proven itself a more-than-worthy namesake to the supreme Roman god of sky and thunder.

In spite of more than 400 years of scientific observations, many details of the gas giant's turbulent and ever-changing atmosphere have remained elusive. Now, thanks to the teamwork of the Hubble Space Telescope, the Gemini Observatory, and the Juno spacecraft, scientists are able to probe deep into storm systems, investigating sources of lightning outbursts, mapping cyclonic vortices, and unravelling the nature of enigmatic features within the Great Red Spot.

This unique collaboration is allowing researchers to monitor Jupiter's weather and estimate the amount of water in the atmosphere, providing insight into how Jupiter operates today as well as how it and the other planets in our solar system formed more than four-and-a-half billion years ago. ...

Gemini Gets Lucky and Takes a Deep Dive Into Jupiter’s Clouds
Gemini Observatory | NSF NOIRLab | 2020 May 07

High-resolution UV/Optical/IR Imaging of Jupiter in 2016–2019 ~ Michael H. Wong et al
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