German Aerospace Center (DLR) | 2020 May 18
Making a mess' in the name of research
"We have long been aware that in the early history of Mars, several billion years ago, large amounts of water were released over a short period of time, eroding very large valleys in the landscape, which have long since dried up," explains Ernst Hauber ... "Extensively eroded masses of fragmented rock were transported through these outflow channels and into the northern lowlands of the planet, where they were quickly deposited. Later, these rocky masses were covered by younger sediments and volcanic rocks." Some Mars researchers had previously suspected that these underground, water-rich sediments could have become liquefied under certain circumstances and been pushed back up to the surface under pressure. In reference to the similar rise of magma, this process, which is well documented in many sedimentary basins on Earth, is referred to as sedimentary volcanism or mud volcanism. ...
Mars: Where Mud Flows Like Lava
French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) | 2020 May 18
Experimental Evidence for Lava-like Mud Flows Under Martian Surface Conditions ~ Petr Broz et al
- Nature Geoscience (online 18 May 2020) DOI: 10.1038/s41561-020-0577-2