ALMA/NRAO: Supergiant Atmosphere of Antares Revealed

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ALMA/NRAO: Supergiant Atmosphere of Antares Revealed

Post by bystander » Tue Jun 16, 2020 6:50 pm

Supergiant Atmosphere of Antares Revealed by Radio Telescopes
ALMA | National Radio Astronomy Observatory | 2020 Jun 16
An international team of astronomers has created the most detailed map yet of the atmosphere of the red supergiant star Antares. The unprecedented sensitivity and resolution of both the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) and the National Science Foundation’s Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) revealed the size and temperature of Antares’ atmosphere from just above the star’s surface, throughout its chromosphere, and all the way out to the wind region.

Red supergiant stars, like Antares and its more well-known cousin Betelgeuse, are huge, relatively cold stars at the end of their lifetime. They are on their way to run out of fuel, collapse, and become supernovae. Through their vast stellar winds, they launch heavy elements into space, thereby playing an important role in providing the essential building blocks for life in the universe. But it is a mystery how these enormous winds are launched. A detailed study of the atmosphere of Antares, the closest supergiant star to Earth, provides a crucial step towards an answer.

The ALMA and VLA map of Antares is the most detailed radio map yet of any star, other than the Sun. ALMA observed Antares close to its surface (its optical photosphere) in shorter wavelengths, and the longer wavelengths observed by the VLA revealed the star’s atmosphere further out. As seen in visible light, Antares’ diameter is approximately 700 times larger than the Sun. But when ALMA and the VLA revealed its atmosphere in radio light, the supergiant turned out to be even more gigantic. ...

ALMA and VLA Reveal the Lukewarm Chromospheres of the
Nearby Red Supergiants Antares and Betelgeuse
~ E. O'Gorman et al
Last edited by bystander on Thu Jun 25, 2020 5:50 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Reason: fixed links
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Re: ALMA/NRAO: Supergiant Atmosphere of Antares Revealed

Post by neufer » Thu Jun 25, 2020 5:29 pm

Art Neuendorffer

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Re: ALMA/NRAO: Supergiant Atmosphere of Antares Revealed

Post by Ann » Thu Jun 25, 2020 5:40 pm

bystander wrote:
Tue Jun 16, 2020 6:50 pm
Supergiant Atmosphere of Antares Revealed by Radio Telescopes
ALMA | National Radio Astronomy Observatory | 2020 Jun 16
An international team of astronomers has created the most detailed map yet of the atmosphere of the red supergiant star Antares. The unprecedented sensitivity and resolution of both the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) and the National Science Foundation’s Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) revealed the size and temperature of Antares’ atmosphere from just above the star’s surface, throughout its chromosphere, and all the way out to the wind region.

Red supergiant stars, like Antares and its more well-known cousin Betelgeuse, are huge, relatively cold stars at the end of their lifetime. They are on their way to run out of fuel, collapse, and become supernovae. Through their vast stellar winds, they launch heavy elements into space, thereby playing an important role in providing the essential building blocks for life in the universe. But it is a mystery how these enormous winds are launched. A detailed study of the atmosphere of Antares, the closest supergiant star to Earth, provides a crucial step towards an answer.

The ALMA and VLA map of Antares is the most detailed radio map yet of any star, other than the Sun. ALMA observed Antares close to its surface (its optical photosphere) in shorter wavelengths, and the longer wavelengths observed by the VLA revealed the star’s atmosphere further out. As seen in visible light, Antares’ diameter is approximately 700 times larger than the Sun. But when ALMA and the VLA revealed its atmosphere in radio light, the supergiant turned out to be even more gigantic. ...

ALMA and VLA Reveal the Lukewarm Chromospheres of the
Nearby Red Supergiants Antares and Betelgeuse
~ E. O'Gorman et al
For once, bystander has mislaid a link. Here is a link to the text on the atmosphere of Antares by ALMA Observtory.

Ann
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Re: ALMA/NRAO: Supergiant Atmosphere of Antares Revealed

Post by bystander » Thu Jun 25, 2020 5:54 pm

Ann wrote:
Thu Jun 25, 2020 5:40 pm
For once, bystander has mislaid a link. ...
Probably not the first. Probably won't be the last. I've just discovered them before anyone else.

I've added the links to the OP
Know the quiet place within your heart and touch the rainbow of possibility; be
alive to the gentle breeze of communication, and please stop being such a jerk.
— Garrison Keillor