ISU: Astronomers Determine How Disk Galaxies Evolve So Smoothly

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bystander
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ISU: Astronomers Determine How Disk Galaxies Evolve So Smoothly

Post by bystander » Sun Sep 27, 2020 7:46 pm

Astronomers Determine How Disk Galaxies Evolve So Smoothly
Iowa State University, Ames | 2020 Sep 25
Computer simulations are showing astrophysicists how massive clumps of gas within galaxies scatter some stars from their orbits, eventually creating the smooth, exponential fade in the brightness of many galaxy disks.

Researchers ... have advanced studies they started nearly 10 years ago. They originally focused on how massive clumps in young galaxies affect star orbits and create galaxy disks featuring bright centers fading to dark edges. ...

Now, the group has co-authored a new paper that says their ideas about the formation of exponential disks apply to more than young galaxies. It’s also a process that is robust and universal in all kinds of galaxies. The exponential disks, after all, are common in spiral galaxies, dwarf elliptical galaxies and some irregular galaxies. ...

By using realistic models to track star scattering within galaxies, “We feel we have a much deeper understanding of the physical processes that resolve this almost-50-year-old key problem,” Struck said.

Gravitational impulses from massive clumps alter the orbits of stars, the researchers found. As a result, the overall star distribution of the disk changes, and the exponential brightness profile is a reflection of that new stellar distribution. ...

Stellar Scattering and the Formation of Exponential Discs in Self-Gravitating Systems ~ Jian Wu et al
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saturno2
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Re: ISU: Astronomers Determine How Disk Galaxies Evolve So Smoothly

Post by saturno2 » Mon Sep 28, 2020 10:24 pm

Interesting