DLR: How Intense & Dangerous Is Cosmic Radiation on the Moon?

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DLR: How Intense & Dangerous Is Cosmic Radiation on the Moon?

Post by bystander » Sun Sep 27, 2020 8:10 pm

How Intense & Dangerous Is Cosmic Radiation on the Moon?
German Aerospace Center (DLR) | 25 Sep 2020
The Chang'e-4 lunar lander touched down on the far side of the Moon on 3 January 2019, with a German instrument for measuring space radiation on board. Since then, the Lunar Lander Neutron and Dosimetry (LND) instrument has been measuring temporally resolved cosmic radiation for the first time. Earlier devices could only record the entire 'mission dose' ... Their investigations have involved more precise radiation measurements on the Moon.

"Over the coming years and decades, various nations are planning to send crewed missions to explore the Moon. Space radiation poses a significant risk to the health of humans. The Apollo astronauts carried radiation measuring devices, referred to as dosimeters, on their bodies. But these only determined the radiation exposure over the course of the entire mission," says Oliver Angerer ... With the LND instrument it is possible to measure the various characteristics of the radiation field over time intervals of one, 10 or 60 minutes. This enables researchers to calculate the 'equivalent dose', which is important for estimating biological effects. ...

The radiation data are also relevant for future interplanetary missions. Since the Moon has neither a protective magnetic field nor an atmosphere, the radiation field on the Moon's surface is similar to that in interplanetary space. "With that in mind, the LND measurements are also used to develop computer models to calculate the expected radiation exposure, refine our models and thus contribute towards our work on radiation protection for astronauts on future missions. It is vital that the detector also allows conclusions to be drawn about the composition of the radiation field, such as how many neutrons and high energy-charged particles are present," explains Berger. ...

First Measurements of the Radiation Dose on the Lunar Surface ~ Shenyi Zhang et al
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