APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

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APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by APOD Robot » Mon Jul 26, 2010 4:07 am

Image Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet Visited

Explanation: As humans explore the universe, the record for largest asteroid visited by a spacecraft has increased yet again. Earlier this month, ESA's robotic Rosetta spacecraft zipped past the asteroid 21 Lutetia taking data and snapping images in an effort to better determine the history of the asteroid and the origin of its unusual colors. Although of unknown composition, Lutetia is not massive enough for gravity to pull it into a sphere. Pictured above on the upper right, the 100-kilometer across Lutetia is shown in comparison with the other nine asteroids and four comets that have been visited, so far, by human-launched spacecraft. Orbiting in the main asteroid belt, Lutetia shows itself to be a heavily cratered remnant of the early Solar System. The Rosetta spacecraft is now continuing onto comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko where a landing is planned for 2014.

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arturo

Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by arturo » Mon Jul 26, 2010 6:03 am

i agree with the theory that lutetia and other asteriods were part or belongs to early solar system.
however, i just have an inquiry, what is the image of our planet earth without liquid and gas particles such as water? will this be similar to an asteriods? if necessary, would you published in APOD the artist perception of the planet earth without water? thanks, i'm a daily visitor of apod here in nueva ecija, phlippines.

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Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by agulesin » Mon Jul 26, 2010 8:03 am

"by human-launched spacecraft"...

Didn't know that there were any other spacecraft out there... Interesting!! ;-)

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Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by orin stepanek » Mon Jul 26, 2010 11:36 am

The asteroid belt a rock collector's paradise. :lol: When Vesta is visited; that will be the largest! Ceres being a dwarf planet. :wink:
Orin

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thesach

Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by thesach » Mon Jul 26, 2010 12:14 pm

As a daily reader of APOD, I want to thank you for such an informative picture with the specific dimensions included. Great summary.

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Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by León » Mon Jul 26, 2010 1:09 pm

Lutetia is a M-type asteroid in the asteroid belt, about 100 km in diameter. Lutetia is the Latin name for Paris. It was discovered on November 15, 1852 by Hermann Mayer Salomon Goldschmidt from the balcony of his apartment in Paris.

The size of the craters is presumed that belonged to a larger body, the composition of iron would indicate it is the core of a planet subjected to a barrage severe as to leave traces in the material so hard to be lacking determine whether it was started by an impact or dynamic imbalance.

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Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by neufer » Mon Jul 26, 2010 1:44 pm

orin stepanek wrote:
The asteroid belt a rock collector's paradise. :lol:
When Vesta is visited; that will be the largest! Ceres being a dwarf planet. :wink:

Code: Select all

characteristics       Ida   Mathilde   Lutetia    Vesta     Ceres
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Radius (km)          15.7     26.4       47.9     264.5      487.3
Mass (10^16 kg)       4.2     10.3      257.0    2670.0     9430.0
Density (g/cm³)	    2.6      1.3       5.55      3.42       2.08
Rotation (days)	  0.193     17.4      0.340     0.222      0.378
Albedo 	          0.238    0.044      0.208     0.423      0.090
Temperature (K)	    200      174        266       255        167 
Abs. magnitude       9.94    10.20       7.29      3.20       3.36
SM axis (AU)         2.86     2.65       2.44      2.36       2.77
Eccentricity 	    0.045    0.266      0.164     0.089      0.079
Inclination 	       1.1°     6.7°       3.1°      7.1°      10.6°
Dark, fluffy and slow:

1) Mathilde has only about one tenth the albedo of Vesta.
Mathilde is 4 times less denser & rotates 90 times slower than Ida.
Last edited by neufer on Tue Jul 27, 2010 12:34 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by bystander » Mon Jul 26, 2010 1:50 pm

For more on Rosetta and Lutetia, visit the Communications Center: http://asterisk.apod.com/vie ... 31&t=19846

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Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by Chris Peterson » Mon Jul 26, 2010 2:55 pm

León wrote:The size of the craters is presumed that belonged to a larger body, the composition of iron would indicate it is the core of a planet subjected to a barrage severe as to leave traces in the material so hard to be lacking determine whether it was started by an impact or dynamic imbalance.
It is a discredited theory that the asteroids were produced by the destruction of a planet. They were formed from the same ingredients as the terrestrial planets, but in a zone that did not allow a planet to condense. Larger asteroids (tens of kilometers and more) retained enough heat, and produced it from radioactive decay, to allow differentiation- iron had time to sink to the core. The largest bodies that ever existed in the region of the asteroids were probably just planetesimals.
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Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by BMAONE23 » Mon Jul 26, 2010 5:11 pm

arturo wrote:i agree with the theory that lutetia and other asteriods were part or belongs to early solar system.
however, i just have an inquiry, what is the image of our planet earth without liquid and gas particles such as water? will this be similar to an asteriods? if necessary, would you published in APOD the artist perception of the planet earth without water? thanks, i'm a daily visitor of apod here in nueva ecija, phlippines.
This YouTube vid shows some of what is beneath the surface. If you were to deplete the atmosphere and oceans on Earth, It would appear similar to Mars in that it would still be Round. It would have similarities to IO beacuse there would still be active Vulcanism especially along the Mid Atlantic Ridge and Pacific Subduction zones. Given all the volcanic activity, It could eventually resemble Venus given Its gravity and Volcanic activity dumping massive ammounts of CO2/CH4/SO2 to replinish the atmosphere. But it would still be unlike anyplace else in the Solar System.

cadmiumyel

Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by cadmiumyel » Mon Jul 26, 2010 8:13 pm

Where is Itokawa?

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Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by bystander » Mon Jul 26, 2010 8:23 pm


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Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by BMAONE23 » Tue Jul 27, 2010 4:30 am

cadmiumyel wrote:Where is Itokawa?
Itokawa is that little speck of white above the "I" in it's name. Click on and open the gigantic image and Itokawa will appear large enough to see.
The problem is that Lutetia is so comparitively enormous next to it, Itokawa practically vanishes

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Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by Ann » Tue Jul 27, 2010 6:49 am

Hmmm, I think Lutetia looks like a lady in profile, looking left, her nose jutting out to the left, and her hair put up in an intricate hairdo on the right side of the asteroid!

Otherwise, what I think is most interesting about this composite of different-sized asteroids is that it reminds me of Mimas, one of the moons of Saturn. MImas is very interesting when it comes to the size and shape of small rocky bodies in our solar system. According to Wikipedia,
Mimas is the smallest known astronomical body that is thought to be rounded in shape due to self-gravitation.


This is the size of Mimas: 414.8×394.4×381.4 km

Here is an image of Mimas:

Image

This is the best-known picture of Mimas, really showing off the big crater, Herschel (as I think it is called):

Image

Ann
Last edited by Ann on Tue Jul 27, 2010 3:21 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by León » Tue Jul 27, 2010 12:39 pm

Chris Peterson wrote:
León wrote:The size of the craters is presumed that belonged to a larger body, the composition of iron would indicate it is the core of a planet subjected to a barrage severe as to leave traces in the material so hard to be lacking determine whether it was started by an impact or dynamic imbalance.
It is a discredited theory that the asteroids were produced by the destruction of a planet. They were formed from the same ingredients as the terrestrial planets, but in a zone that did not allow a planet to condense. Larger asteroids (tens of kilometers and more) retained enough heat, and produced it from radioactive decay, to allow differentiation- iron had time to sink to the core. The largest bodies that ever existed in the region of the asteroids were probably just planetesimals.

The information that the asteroid is part of a larger body of http://www.esa.int/esaMI/Rosetta/SEM44DZOFBG_0.html take it "These Have Been Associated with iron meteorites, and are reddish Usually Thought to be fragments of the cores of much larger objects "which I believe is a strict information today.

Coincidentally searches are performed in meteorites that meet these characteristics because they provide access to the old maximum planetary components.

Moreover, the asteroid belt is a remnant of something more important, no one can argue that there is all that was.

Besides personally disbelieve of the planetesimals are based generators planets

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Re: APOD: Lutetia: The Largest Asteroid Yet... (2010 Jul 26)

Post by harry » Fri Jul 30, 2010 11:37 am

G'day

My son says thank you for the info, great link.
Harry : Smile and live another day.