M51 Supernova Images (SN 2011dh / ptf11eon)

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Maximilian Teodorescu

Re: M51 Supernova Images

Post by Maximilian Teodorescu » Tue Jun 07, 2011 2:19 am

The following two images show the supernova in M 51 from the night of 6-7 June. The supernova is a little brighter then the previous days.
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Time of aquisition: 22:50-23:05 U.T. (June 6, 2011).

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Re: M51 Supernova Images

Post by owlice » Tue Jun 07, 2011 2:25 am

June 4, 2011
http://web.me.com/m_dahl/Matt_astro_bir ... phy.html#9
Copyright: Matt Dahl
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Re: M51 Supernova Images

Post by starcruiser444 » Tue Jun 07, 2011 5:07 pm

M-51 Supernova single raw 20 min frame from June 5th, 2011. Photographed by Rick Wiggins, remotely shot in Aguanga, CA.
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Reason: Corrected URL; thanks for posting this, and welcome to Asterisk!

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Re: M51 Supernova Images

Post by lasarus » Wed Jun 08, 2011 6:15 pm

I haved imaged M51 on June 6, 2011. It still shows the supernova is still nice and bright.. The image is luminous channel only from an RGBL set of files. I will try to finish processing the entire image soon.


Re: M51 Supernova Images

Post by doug.german » Wed Jun 08, 2011 8:22 pm

Two images - one I took on 3 May 2011 and the other last night, having just heard about this thing!



M51 Supernova Image from USNO--Flagstaff

Post by Guest » Thu Jun 09, 2011 1:16 am

Taken the evening of June 7 (local) at the U.S. Naval Observatory, Flagstaff Station. I used our 1.3-meter short-focus telescope (pixel size 0.6 arcsec) with an e2v 2kx4k CCD and took exposures through SDSS filters g (10 min), r (10 min) and i (4 min) and combined them using GIMP on Linux. Thus, the colors in the image are necessarily artificial. The winds had just died down from a wind storm (40+ mph gusts), so seeing was not great: 2.0-2.5 arcsec fwhm. You can download a full-resolution file here: http://bit.ly/iR1jVw (Actions->download). (Please do not post or publish anywhere without obtaining explicit permission from me -- otherwise I can get into serious trouble. I can be contacted at murison [at] nofs [dot] usno [dot] navy [dot] mil for permission (readily granted) or further info. Thanks.)

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Re: M51 Supernova Images

Post by alex.tudorica » Thu Jun 09, 2011 6:42 pm


I also took an image of the supernova. 50cm telescope, Argelander Institute for Astronomy, Bonn, Germany, SBIG 6303E, 32x3min Luminance.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/27891676@N ... hotostream

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Re: M51 Supernova Images

Post by Atacamallama » Fri Jun 10, 2011 8:00 pm

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Re: M51 Supernova Images

Post by Joseph » Sat Jun 11, 2011 9:41 pm

Here's a view of M-51 with its latest supernova, which I took the morning of June 10, 2011, from Stansbury Park, UT. The site was the Salt Lake Astronomical Society's Stansbury Park Observatory Complex (SPOC), and I used my LX200GPS 12" telescope with an f/6.3 reducer. Exposure was 70 minutes -- 45 minutes luminous, 5 minutes red, 10 minutes green, 10 minutes blue. Luminosity was unbinned while the color images were binned at 2X2. -- Joe Bauman, Salt Lake City.
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Re: M51 Supernova Images

Post by tekic545 » Sun Jun 12, 2011 6:33 pm

M 51 SN 2011dh 03 June 2011

95 minutes on 03 June 2011.


Copyright: Robert Gillette
M 51 SN 95 Min 03 Jun 11 Decon30B+CS4 800px.jpg
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Re: M51 Supernova Images

Post by Efrain Morales » Sun Jun 12, 2011 8:49 pm

M51 top from april 2010 and at present june 11th, 2011 (lower image).

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IPMU: First Evidence That Yellow Supergiant Became Supernova

Post by bystander » Sun Sep 30, 2012 1:11 am

The First Evidence That a Yellow Supergiant Became a Supernova
Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU) | 2012 Sep 27
A group of researchers led by Melina Bersten (Kavli IPMU) has presented evidence that the yellow supergiant (YSG) star found at the location of supernova SN 2011dh in the famous nearby galaxy M51 was indeed the SN progenitor, as well as produced a self-consistent model to explain how a star of such characteristics exploded. In their model, the exploding YSG star was a member of a close binary system. The authors further predict the detection of the companion star as a definitive test of their hypothesis. Their paper has been published in the September 20, 2012, issue of The Astrophysical Journal.
The nature and diversity of the progenitor star or progenitor system of core-collapse supernovae is an important and open question in the field of astrophysics. It is believed that most massive stars explode when the stars become red supergiants, or, alternatively, blue compact stars (so-called Wolf-Rayet stars). Recent detections of a yellow supergiant star as a possible supernova progenitor have posed serious questions on our understanding of the evolution of massive stars.

Due to its proximity, SN 2011dh in M51 was one of the brightest and best studied supernovae of 2011. It was classified as a type IIb supernova, that is, it showed hydrogen lines in the spectrum at early times, and then evolved into a helium-dominated spectrum. This is indicative of a progenitor star that has lost most of its hydrogen-rich envelope prior to the explosion.

By searching through archival images obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope before the supernova explosion, two groups of astronomers independently detected a source at a location closely matching that of the supernova. Photometry of this pre-supernova source is compatible with a YSG star. If it is indeed the progenitor of the supernova, the question arises as to how such a star would undergo an explosion. Stellar evolution models predict that stars massive enough to produce a supernova explosion by core collapse should end their lives as red supergiants ---for the lower mass range--- or as a compact blue star ---for the larger masses. The YSG phase is an intermediate, short-lived stage in evolutionary models of single stars, during which no supernova explosion is expected to occur. Moreover, based on early optical emission and radio observations of SN2011dh, some authors claimed that the actual progenitor must have been a compact object. Therefore, the detected YSG star could have been a companion of the exploded star, or even an unrelated object that matched the projected supernova location by chance.

In this work the authors have presented evidence that the progenitor was an extended object, of radius compatible with that of a YSG star, contrary to the previous theoretical models. This was done by modeling the early-time optical emission using hydrodynamical calculations. The observed light curve is reproduced only from the YSG star hypothesis. Now, these findings led to two new questions: (1) how did the star lose most of its hydrogen envelope?, and (2) how could a YSG star of those characteristics explode?

Related with question (1), there are two main mechanisms proposed for stars to get rid of their outer layers: strong winds, and mass transfer in interacting binary systems. For the former mechanism, it is believed that the star should have a mass at the time of birth larger than approximately 25 times the mass of the Sun for the wind to be strong enough. Hydrodynamical models, however, set a strong constraint on the mass of the progenitor star. They found that its core could have not been more massive than 8 times the mass of the Sun, which implies that the initial mass of the entire star was less than 25 times the mass of the Sun. With this possibility ruled out, they tested the alternative of a system in which the progenitor transfered mass to a close companion, thereby losing most of its outer envelope. The binary scenario has the advantage of introducing a natural mechanism for lower mass stars to expel their envelopes.

With the aim of solving both questions above, Bersten's team carried out stellar evolution calculations for a system of two massive stars in a close orbit, in which phases of mass transfer occur. By assuming a system of stars with initial masses of 16 and 10 times the mass of the Sun, and an initial period of 125 days, they were able to obtain a configuration for the mass-donor star ---the one that eventually explodes--- that matches closely the observations of the YSG object in the pre-supernova images and has a core mass that is consistent with their hydrodynamic modeling. Moreover, the amount of hydrogen left in the envelope of the exploding star was in the correct range to classify the supernova as type IIb. This is in contrast to a single star that evolves to a red supergiant.

Finally, the binary models predict that the accreting companion object should be a massive, blue star at the moment of the supernova explosion. Because of its high surface temperature, the companion star should emit mostly in the ultraviolet range, with negligible contribution to the total flux of the system in the optical range. The companion was faint enough so that it was not be detected in the pre-supernova images of the space telescope. Their calculations thus predict that in the near future, once the supernova has faded enough, the companion could be discovered with deep observations in the blue range of the spectrum. This would constitute a definitive test for the validity of the model.

"The present results reveal the necessity and importance of further studying the evolution and explosion of binary stars," Bersten, the first author of the paper saids,"I look forward to the observation that will confirm our prediction."

The Type IIb Supernova 2011dh from a Supergiant Progenitor - Melina C. Bersten et al
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