Explanation: What is it? Some surely natural phenomenon has appeared in a video that, so far, has defied clear identification. The above time-lapse video was made to record Perseid meteors above Hopewell Rocks in New Brunswick, Canada late this summer. The video, which ran from 9:30 pm August 11 to 3:00 am the next morning, records several meteor and satellite streaks beyond a picturesque background. Each image records a 30 second exposure. At about 25 seconds into the video, however, an unusual patchy green glow appears to cover the sky. Possible explanations include airglow, aurora, lighting from an artificial or natural source, or something completely different. This APOD is an attempt not only to solve this intriguing sky riddle, but to measure how powerful the APOD readership is as a citizen-science, collective-intelligence engine. If you have insight into what might be causing this phenomenon, please contribute to the discussion.
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Here are some notes from the photographer copied here for convenience. Original post here.
Kevin Snair wrote:Good evening,
I am the photographer who created this video. I'd like to thank everyone for actively helping solve this curiosity. Many questions have been asked so I will try to fill in some of the gaps.
I am a professional photographer who lives and works near The Hopewell Rocks in New Brunswick, Canada. A gentleman was in the park early this season and introduced me to the fun of night photography. I played around with the technique with pleasing results so I decided to try a time lapse video. My first attempt was done during a new moon in early July. I started rather late in the night and went through till dawn. It can be viewed here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_4N5rCm5b7g
I had a small glitch in the evening resulting in me losing 7 minutes of photography. This shows in the video as a jump in the stars just as the milky way passes over Lover's Arch. Being a little on the anal side, this bothered me enough that I felt I wanted to re-do it.
On the evening of August 11th (and into the morning of the 12th) I set up my equipment again. The Hopewell Rocks is situated on the Bay of Fundy which is known for the highest tides on the planet. I set up my camera (Canon 5D mkII) on a tripod down on the shore facing approximately South East. I had the tripod at a height where the tide would rise around it but the camera would be above the high tide mark. I could have set up the tripod above the high tide mark but then I would not be pointing into the sky and still having the Rocks in the foreground. Please keep in mind I was creating this for aesthetics, not a scientific experiment. I set my ISO to 5000, the shutter speed to 30 seconds and the fstop to 4.0 (canon 17-40 mm lens at 17mm focused at infinity). I knew my first hour would be severely overexposed but as the sunset disappeared, the exposure would eventually be right for the remainder of the evening. The results were a gradual fade from white to night sky. I took my first shot at 9:19 pm and continued to take one shot every 40 seconds until 3:08 am. I had set up two small Colman battery powered LED lanterns to illuminate the rocks. They are the source of exposure on the rocks and beach.
It was a beautiful evening, quite warm and no moisture built up on the lens. I was awake and present for the entire event. The camera was being controlled by a laptop and I checked it on occasion to see that everything was working. When opening the laptop, occasionally the screen would add a bit of light to the closest rocks (explaining small fluctuations in foreground exposure). As the tide rose, I did not see the green "clouds" with the naked eye but it was extremely dark and the camera's sensitivity was allowing it to capture more than I was seeing. The tide was coming in with one to two foot waves and I realized that my camera would not survive the entire evening. I stood in water up to my waist, supporting the tripod but eventually the waves forcibly moved the camera and my shoot was over. It is worth noting that as the tide rose, it physically moved my foreground light (changing my foreground exposure as noticeable on the right hand rock surface).
When I got home and processed the photos, I did the following to all 508: Set white balance to 4350, increased the exposure by 15%, added a bit of fill light (midtones +45), and increased the saturation by 10%. When I turned them into the video, I faded to black at the very end to make it more pleasing to the viewer.