APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

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APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by APOD Robot » Sat Aug 01, 2015 4:08 am

Image Stripping ESO 137-001

Explanation: Spiral galaxy ESO 137-001 hurtles through massive galaxy cluster Abell 3627 some 220 million light years away. The distant galaxy is seen in this colorful Hubble/Chandra composite image through a foreground of the Milky Way's stars toward the southern constellation Triangulum Australe. As the spiral speeds along at nearly 7 million kilometers per hour, its gas and dust are stripped away when ram pressure with the cluster's own hot, tenuous intracluster medium overcomes the galaxy's gravity. Evident in Hubble's near visible light data, bright star clusters have formed in the stripped material along the short, trailing blue streaks. Chandra's X-ray data shows off the enormous extent of the heated, stripped gas as diffuse, darker blue trails stretching over 400,000 light-years toward the bottom right. The significant loss of dust and gas will make new star formation difficult for this galaxy. A yellowish elliptical galaxy, lacking in star forming dust and gas, is just to the right of ESO 137-001 in the frame.

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Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by Ann » Sat Aug 01, 2015 4:48 am

While this is a great picture, I'm nevertheless a little disappointed. I may be wrong here, but I think this is a repeat image from 2014. I know that Sundays are repeat days at APOD and I'm fine with that - Robert Nemiroff and Jerry Bonnell need a day off too! - but I don't expect Saturday's images to be repeats.
Leading edge of NGC 4921.
Photo: NASA, ESA and Roberto Colombari.
I very much hoped that today's image would show us NGC 4921. While the picture is not strictly new - it's from 2013 - there's been a brand new, fantastic study of it by Yale astronomer Jeffrey Kenney. NGC 4921 is a galaxy undergoing ram pressure on its leading side as it moves through the hot gas of the Coma Cluster, which creates fantastic "pillars of creation".
Yale News wrote:
In the 1990s, a famous Hubble photo dubbed “Pillars of Creation” showed columns of dust and gas in the Eagle Nebula that were in the process of forging new stars. The dust filaments Kenney identified are similar in some ways to the “Pillars of Creation,” except they are 1,000 times larger.
The emphasis in the quote is mine.

Ann
Last edited by Ann on Sat Aug 01, 2015 5:55 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by Pianosorplanets » Sat Aug 01, 2015 5:19 am

I'm trusting it was an oversight but rather well caught if I do say so!
It takes a lot of stars to make a piano.

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Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by ta152h0 » Sat Aug 01, 2015 5:45 am

Any thoughts on what gave this thing the mighty boot ? the Big Bang ?
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Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by Ann » Sat Aug 01, 2015 6:12 am

ta152h0 wrote:Any thoughts on what gave this thing the mighty boot ? the Big Bang ?
The Big Bang has nothing to do with it. Rather, NGC 4921 is on the outskirts of the Coma Cluster and it is "falling in" towards it due to gravitational effects. Or it might possibly just be in orbit around the center of the Coma Cluster. Whatever the exact reason, the Coma Cluster is filled with hot gas, and NGC 4921 is moving through this gas and feels the pressure of it like a steady headwind. Certainly ESO 137-001 is also either falling in towards a galaxy cluster or is in orbit around a galaxy cluster. I think it is more likely that it is falling in towards a great center of gravity.
Click to play embedded YouTube video.

An interesting example of a rather nearby galaxy undergoing ram pressure is the small Virgo spiral NGC 4402. It is falling towards giant elliptical galaxy M86.

NGC 4402 is at 1 o'clock in the link to the Virgo Cluster image, and M86 is below it.

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Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by Beyond » Sat Aug 01, 2015 9:53 am

Non-scientific, but as soon as i saw it, i thought of a humongous jellyfish type being that Captain Picard once came across and set free. Great picture!!
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Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by RedFishBlueFish » Sat Aug 01, 2015 11:14 am

Ann wrote:
ta152h0 wrote:Any thoughts on what gave this thing the mighty boot ? the Big Bang ?
The Big Bang has nothing to do with it. Rather, NGC 4921 is on the outskirts of the Coma Cluster and it is "falling in" towards it due to gravitational effects. Or it might possibly just be in orbit around the center of the Coma Cluster. Whatever the exact reason, the Coma Cluster is filled with hot gas, and NGC 4921 is moving through this gas and feels the pressure of it like a steady headwind. Certainly ESO 137-001 is also either falling in towards a galaxy cluster or is in orbit around a galaxy cluster. I think it is more likely that it is falling in towards a great center of gravity.
Thank you Ann.

One was hoping that someone would have explained this very question!

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Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by hoohaw » Sat Aug 01, 2015 12:11 pm

I have seen this picture before, and I am delighted to see it again. I was flabbergasted when I saw it the first time. It seems to me to be a Rosetta Stone for the process of star formation. Look at those trailing streams of clearly newly-formed stars! The ram pressure as this galaxy plows through the hot ionized intergalactic medium of the cluster of galaxies that it is in, has pushed out some of its interstellar medium, and we are seeing star-formation occurring in the midst of the material being pushed out. Nature has performed a star-formation experiment for us that of course we could never do ourselves. (As for the person who made me start my day by reading a whining complaint, well, I'd be happy to see this same image again tomorrow, it is that good, and it is that important!)

hoohaw

Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by hoohaw » Sat Aug 01, 2015 12:14 pm

By the way, readers; immediately after my post, above, I looked at the Earth Science Picture of the Day, and it is the best one I have EVER seen: http://epod.usra.edu/blog/

stiffneck

Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by stiffneck » Sat Aug 01, 2015 12:25 pm

Thor's Frisbee.

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Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by bystander » Sat Aug 01, 2015 3:44 pm

Ann wrote:... I think this is a repeat image from 2014. ...

http://asterisk.apod.com/viewtopic.php?t=33199
Ann wrote:
Yale News wrote:
In the 1990s, a famous Hubble photo dubbed “Pillars of Creation” showed columns of dust and gas in the Eagle Nebula that were in the process of forging new stars. The dust filaments Kenney identified are similar in some ways to the “Pillars of Creation,” except they are 1,000 times larger.

http://asterisk.apod.com/viewtopic.php?t=35010
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Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by neufer » Sat Aug 01, 2015 4:14 pm

http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_1570.html wrote: Galaxy Cluster Has Two 'Tails' to Tell

<<Two spectacular tails of X-ray emission have been seen trailing behind a galaxy using the Chandra X-ray Observatory. A composite image of the galaxy cluster Abell 3627 shows X-rays from Chandra in blue, optical emission in yellow and emission from hydrogen light -- known to astronomers as 'H-alpha' -- in red. The optical and H-alpha data were obtained with the Southern Astrophysical Research (SOAR) Telescope in Chile.

At the front of the tail is the galaxy ESO 137-001. The brighter of the two tails has been seen before and extends for about 260,000 light years. The detection of the second, fainter tail, however, was a surprise to the scientists.

The X-ray tails were created when cool gas from ESO 137-001 (with a temperature of about ten degrees above absolute zero) was stripped by hot gas (about 100 million degrees) as it travels towards the center of [The Norma Cluster]. What astronomers observe with Chandra is essentially the evaporation of the cold gas, which glows at a temperature of about 10 million degrees. Evidence of gas with temperatures between 100 and 1,000 degrees Kelvin in the tail was also found with the Spitzer Space Telescope.

Galaxy clusters are collections of hundreds or even thousands of galaxies held together by gravity that are enveloped in hot gas. The two-pronged tail in this system may have formed because gas has been stripped from the two major spiral arms in ESO 137-001. The stripping of gas is thought to have a significant effect on galaxy evolution, removing cold gas from the galaxy, shutting down the formation of new stars in the galaxy, and changing the appearance of inner spiral arms and bulges because of the effects of star formation.>>
https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norma_%28opera%29 wrote: <<Norma is a tragedia lirica or opera in two acts by Vincenzo Bellini with libretto by Felice Romani after Norma. It was first produced at La Scala in Milan on 26 December 1831.

In the concerted finale, Norma pleads with Oroveso to spare her children (Deh! non volerli vittime / "Please don't make them suffer").

As she prepares to leap into the flames, the re-enamoured Pollione joins her, declaring: "your pyre is mine as well. There, a holier and everlasting love will begin".>>
Art Neuendorffer

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Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by Joe Stieber » Sat Aug 01, 2015 5:15 pm

hoohaw wrote:By the way, readers; immediately after my post, above, I looked at the Earth Science Picture of the Day, and it is the best one I have EVER seen: http://epod.usra.edu/blog/
The picture at that link changes every day, and for 01-August-2015, it's a flame behind a waterfall, whereas the picture for yesterday, 31-July-2015, is quite astronomical, a mosaic of the Tulip Nebula. Which of these permalinks did you actually mean, the Tulip Nebula of July 31st or the Waterfall of August 1st? (In case the prior day's EPOD lingered in your cache.)

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Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by Joe Stieber » Sat Aug 01, 2015 6:10 pm

bystander wrote:
Ann wrote:
Yale News wrote:
In the 1990s, a famous Hubble photo dubbed “Pillars of Creation” showed columns of dust and gas in the Eagle Nebula that were in the process of forging new stars. The dust filaments Kenney identified are similar in some ways to the “Pillars of Creation,” except they are 1,000 times larger.

http://asterisk.apod.com/viewtopic.php?t=35010
Sky & Telescope also has a current online story about the pillars in NGC 4921.

Tszabeau

Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by Tszabeau » Sun Aug 02, 2015 3:03 am

Sometimes these pictures are for the benefit of us regular dolts and not for the bigger-brained individuals. I had not seen it before so don't care about the disappointments of the elite.
It's an AWESOME image.

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Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by LocalColor » Sun Aug 02, 2015 3:56 am

We had recently listened to a very informative astronomy lecture from the archives of Gresham College by Professor Carolyn Crawford about galaxies, which added to our enjoyment of this image. Educational and beautiful as well.

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Re: APOD: Stripping ESO 137-001 (2015 Aug 01)

Post by Ann » Sun Aug 02, 2015 5:38 am

Joe Stieber wrote:
Sky & Telescope also has a current online story about the pillars in NGC 4921.
That's a very interesting article, with fine illustrations. Thanks.

Ann
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