NASA: Hubble Reaches New Milestone in Mystery of Universe's Expansion Rate

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NASA: Hubble Reaches New Milestone in Mystery of Universe's Expansion Rate

Post by bystander » Fri May 20, 2022 1:06 am

Hubble Reaches New Milestone in
Mystery of Universe's Expansion Rate

NASA | GSFC | STScI | HubbleSite | 2022 May 19
Completing a nearly 30-year marathon, NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has calibrated more than 40 "milepost markers" of space and time to help scientists precisely measure the expansion rate of the universe — a quest with a plot twist.

Pursuit of the universe's expansion rate began in the 1920s with measurements by astronomers Edwin P. Hubble and Georges Lemaître. In 1998, this led to the discovery of "dark energy," a mysterious repulsive force accelerating the universe's expansion. In recent years, thanks to data from Hubble and other telescopes, astronomers found another twist: a discrepancy between the expansion rate as measured in the local universe compared to independent observations from right after the big bang, which predict a different expansion value.

The cause of this discrepancy remains a mystery. But Hubble data, encompassing a variety of cosmic objects that serve as distance markers, support the idea that something weird is going on, possibly involving brand new physics. ...

A Dazzling Hubble Collection of Supernova Host Galaxies
ESA Hubble Photo Release | 2022 May 19

A Comprehensive Measurement of the Local Value of the Hubble Constant with
1 km/s/Mpc Uncertainty from the Hubble Space Telescope and the SH0ES Team
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