MPIA: Earth-like Planets Often Come with a Bodyguard

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bystander
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MPIA: Earth-like Planets Often Come with a Bodyguard

Post by bystander » Tue Oct 13, 2020 6:24 pm

Earth-like Planets Often Come with a Bodyguard
Max Planck Institute for Astronomy | Max Planck Society | 2020 Oct 12

Simulations reveal that rocky super-Earths with thin atmospheres are often protected by a Jupiter-like planet

An international group of astronomers, led by Martin Schlecker of the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, has found that the arrangement of rocky, gaseous and icy planets in planetary systems is apparently not random and depends on only a few initial conditions. The studys based on a new simulation that tracks the evolution of planetary systems over several billion years. Planetary systems around Sun-like stars, which produce in their inner regions super-Earths with low water and gas content, very often form a planet comparable to our Jupiter on an outer orbit. Such planets help to keep potentially dangerous objects away from the inner regions.

Scientists suspect that the planet Jupiter played an important role in the development of life on Earth, because its gravity often deflects potentially dangerous asteroids and comets on their orbits into the zone of rocky planets in a way that reduces the number of catastrophic collisions. This circumstance therefore repeatedly raises the question whether such a combination of planets is rather random, or whether it is a common result of the formation of planetary systems. ...

The New Generation Planetary Population Synthesis (NGPPS). III. Warm Super-Earths and Cold Jupiters:
A Weak Occurrence Correlation, but with a Strong Architecture-Composition Link
~ M. Schlecker et al
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Forrest White
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Re: MPIA: Earth-like Planets Often Come with a Bodyguard

Post by Forrest White » Thu Apr 01, 2021 5:15 am

Scientists have created a computer model of the solar system, which includes 100 thousand objects, mainly belonging to the Kuiper belt. The model showed that in a system without Jupiter, the likelihood of collisions of asteroids and comets with the Earth would not change. And if Jupiter had less mass than it actually is, the flow of asteroids and comets that threaten the Earth would increase significantly.