APOD: Sprite Lightning in High Definition (2023 Oct 02)

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APOD Robot
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APOD: Sprite Lightning in High Definition (2023 Oct 02)

Post by APOD Robot » Mon Oct 02, 2023 4:05 am

Image Sprite Lightning in High Definition

Explanation: Sometimes lightning occurs out near space. One such lightning type is red sprite lightning, which has only been photographed and studied on Earth over the past 25 years. The origins of all types of lightning remain topics for research, and scientists are still trying to figure out why red sprite lightning occurs at all. Research has shown that following a powerful positive cloud-to-ground lightning strike, red sprites may start as 100-meter balls of ionized air that shoot down from about 80-km high at 10 percent the speed of light. They are quickly followed by a group of upward streaking ionized balls. Featured here is an extraordinarily high-resolution image of a group of red sprites. This image is a single frame lasting only 1/25th of a second from a video taken above Castelnaud Castle in Dordogne, France, about three weeks ago. The sprites quickly vanished -- no sprites were visible even on the very next video frame.

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Ann
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Re: APOD: Sprite Lightning in High Definition (2023 Oct 02)

Post by Ann » Mon Oct 02, 2023 4:55 am

Who would have guessed that red sprite lightning shows such a striking resemblance to the legs of the African Jacana (also known as the "Jesus Bird" because it can walk on water)?


Oh, and - no. The African Jacana is not the sort of bird that should haunt your nightmares. He is just a dutiful father, and most of "his" legs belong to his chicks! And by the way - the reason why he can walk on water is because his feet are nightmarish. They are!


Ann
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Avent

Re: APOD: Sprite Lightning in High Definition (2023 Oct 02)

Post by Avent » Mon Oct 02, 2023 5:27 am

Reminds me of the family of Thanksgiving dinner

Aventp

Re: APOD: Sprite Lightning in High Definition (2023 Oct 02)

Post by Aventp » Mon Oct 02, 2023 5:28 am

*at Thanksgiving dinner

RocketRon

Re: APOD: Sprite Lightning in High Definition (2023 Oct 02)

Post by RocketRon » Mon Oct 02, 2023 6:01 am

Lotsa legs there !!

Back to sprites.
And the red colouring is symptomatic/indicative of - what ???

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Ann
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Re: APOD: Sprite Lightning in High Definition (2023 Oct 02)

Post by Ann » Mon Oct 02, 2023 8:52 am

RocketRon wrote: Mon Oct 02, 2023 6:01 am Lotsa legs there !!

Back to sprites.
And the red colouring is symptomatic/indicative of - what ???
Well, flashes of lightning are hot. According to this site, lightning can be as hot as 30,000°C (54,000°F). Such a temperature means that the flash is technically blue (or blue-white), although it is typically so overexposed that we see it as white.

Red sprites are much colder:
www.swc.nd.gov wrote:

Thunderstorms produce lightning, which is a release of static electricity between positive and negative charges in the atmosphere. This discharge is extremely hot, (approximately 50,000 degrees Fahrenheit) roughly five times greater than the temperature of the sun. Occasionally, during positive or cloud to ground lightning strokes, another discharge of energy can take place above the thunderstorm and stretch into the upper reaches of earth’s atmosphere. This is called a red sprite. In comparison to lightning, red sprites are actually quite cold and their color is thought to result from charged particles interacting with nitrogen.
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nam888id
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Re: APOD: Sprite Lightning in High Definition (2023 Oct 02)

Post by nam888id » Mon Oct 02, 2023 9:12 am

What makes the lightening? for kids from the 1950/60s

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ELZdZ_V-MuU

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orin stepanek
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Re: APOD: Sprite Lightning in High Definition (2023 Oct 02)

Post by orin stepanek » Mon Oct 02, 2023 4:54 pm

APOD_1200Vetter.jpg
HiResSprites_Escurat_1080.jpg
Nice images of the sprites! Is sky all they strike?
extraordinarily high-resolution> Three amigo dogs! You have to click on in write up to see them!
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Orin

Smile today; tomorrow's another day!

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Re: APOD: Sprite Lightning in High Definition (2023 Oct 02)

Post by johnnydeep » Mon Oct 02, 2023 8:15 pm

Avent wrote: Mon Oct 02, 2023 5:27 am Reminds me of the family atof Thanksgiving dinner
What does, the sprites or the African Jacana bird (and offspring)?
--
"To B̬̻̋̚o̞̮̚̚l̘̲̀᷾d̫͓᷅ͩḷ̯᷁ͮȳ͙᷊͠ Go......Beyond The F͇̤i̙̖e̤̟l̡͓d͈̹s̙͚ We Know."{ʲₒʰₙNYᵈₑᵉₚ}

daifu

Re: APOD: Sprite Lightning in High Definition (2023 Oct 02)

Post by daifu » Mon Oct 02, 2023 9:28 pm

"shoot down from about 80-km high" 80 Km! - Really! That's 262,467 feet! Pretty high for a cumulonimbus...

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Chris Peterson
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Re: APOD: Sprite Lightning in High Definition (2023 Oct 02)

Post by Chris Peterson » Mon Oct 02, 2023 9:58 pm

daifu wrote: Mon Oct 02, 2023 9:28 pm "shoot down from about 80-km high" 80 Km! - Really! That's 262,467 feet! Pretty high for a cumulonimbus...
Sprites are associated with cumulonimbus clouds (and the cloud to ground lightning they produce). The do not occur in those clouds, though, but very far above them.
Chris

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